We are very lucky to have arrived in this area just as the local Transition Town groups are reforming. So many local people are interested in renewable and low-cost energy solutions for their homes it’s brilliant and even better, we are almost out-weighed by the number of sustainable energy installations already up and running within a stones throw of the Forest Garden!
When we joined the group late last year, we were somewhat curious about how energy tours in January might go (since we’d arrived, everyone we’d met had enthused about how cold last Winter was – getting snowed in for weeks that kind of thing). However the tour of renewable energy installations was arranged for two afternoons in January.
Every photovoltaic cell installation needs a dragon I think
First up the wood chip boiler, photovoltaic cell and solar water installations that heat and power the Ceridwen Centre
and home for owner Roger and his family. Luckily Roger was able to get a grant for half of the money for the wood chip boiler and system – this was many years ago. Although the wood-chip system is supposed to be able to run with minimal person time, Roger finds that he needs to check on it twice (perhaps even three) times a day to ensure that it is all running smoothly. During the frank and honest conversations we are used to in the group (no sales pitch here), Roger admitted that if he were to make his choice of boiler again he’d go for a log fired system – a lot less hassle, they need filling up with wood just once a day, which granted means that someone always needs to be around, but then someone always is around. Luckily for the group we would see a log fired system in the next tour.
I don’t think there was any space left on Roger’s roofs for any more kit! Even on this dull day the meters were reading electricity and hot water being generated.
Naked wind turbine at Mair's Bakehouse
Then on to Mair’s Bakehouse
a totally off-grid organic bread bakery in the middle of nowhere. I thought we were isolated until we turned off the road to this old farmhouse! Rick runs his home and bakehouse using just wind energy from the smallish turbine and wood to fire up the (huge) brick oven.
The wind turbine’s cover had blown off during the extreme weather events of the days leading up to the tour (it had landed intact near the edge of the woods in the distance) and Rick had yet to put it back on. Rick is very pleased with his turbine, if I remember correctly it is about 12 years old and hardly needs any maintenance. It steadily charges a large bank of batteries near the house with 2kw, and a regulator sorts all of the energy requirements to the house.
One of the mixing machines in the bakehouse (fondly named “Batty” after a character in television series Last of the Summer Wine) needs a massive amount of energy to get it started and Ricks installation deals with it very well – it kicks out a huge 11kw peak which sets Batty off nicely.
The bread oven is heated with wood lit directly in the oven, which heats the bricks which radiate the heat back out to the 60 or so loaves that can be cooked in the oven at any one time. I was a little disappointed with the oven but only because it didn’t have any bread in it, I was so hoping to be able to try some. I’ve heard that Rick’s bread is amazing, it’s sold in a lots places around west Wales – wholefood stores and local producer markets, but I’ve yet to get to any before it’s sold out! Rick is planning on a new delivery service this year, so perhaps that will be my best bet.
The turbine is that way! Notice the three sluice gates - only one is open.
Last on this tour was a water powered turbine at Tony Woodman’s place. The big thing about this turbine is that it is fed by a leat from the river and produces enough energy to run the house and metal workshop. Tony created the dragon
above the entrance to the castle at Newcastle Emlyn (to name just one).
With a constant water flow from the river, Tony is in a very fortunate position. It’s just a four meter drop from the leat to the turbine, but that is enough for his energy requirements. He regulates the amount of water in the leat by opening and closing three sluice gates where the water is caught at the river, and another gate above the turbine. A sound insulated shed around the turbine ensures that peace and quiet is maintained.
The next tour featured the Ceridwen Centre (again), but this time we also got to see inside the very nice Ceridwen building that can accommodate up to 25 guests at a time! No wonder Roger keeps a careful eye on the wood chip feed.
A hardy bunch, the rain starting to turn to sleet and we're talking turbines
Then off to Keith and Sally’s place. Keith is editor of Green Building
Magazine, and a man at the centre of building and energy information. Keith has a log fired boiler, the kind that Roger was referring to, but before we could see that, first the pond-fed water turbine! Keith has two ponds, one with enough water when full for 6 days worth of electricity use, another that guarantees 28 days (and lets face it we are unlikely to go a whole 28 days in Wales without some kind of rain).
Wow the 6 day pond is big! The 28 day pond is practically a lake complete with boat and island! They supply electricity pretty much all year round apart from when the frogs and newts are spawning, when the turbine is turned off. Keith admits that as so much wildlife is now being attracted to the ponds, they might have to create more to off-set natures calendar and the system outage that it requires. A small price to pay for such increase in biodiversity that water brings I think.
The turbine is set close to the river that flows at the bottom of Keith’s land, approximately 10 meters below the ponds. There is some electricity loss along the cables back to the house, but that is to be expected.
Back inside the workshops next to the house, the wood for the log fired boiler is given it’s final dry in the lean-to conservatory area. Like the other places we’d seen on the tour, the cabling and monitoring of energy flow converges in the battery/inverter/regulator hub. Although Keith puts the excess energy into lighting in the workshop, which means that on a dark night it can be like a disco in there (others tend to put it into heating) – more information about the boiler (and the bio-mass to feed it) can be found in the winter 2010 edition of Green Building magazine.
With another stop scheduled on our tour, there wasn’t time to talk about the wind-turbine and other energy feeds. Off to Larkhill Tipis instead.
The Lavvu and Laburnum walk on a snowy Winter's day at Larkhill Tipis
has just won Carmarthenshire tourism business of the year award. It was the place I was secretly looking forward to seeing the most, not you understand for the energy installations, but because they have yurts and alachighs and all sorts of wonderfully exotic structures to sleep in under the stars – just my kind of thing.
I’d been wishing for snow for months, it’s timing was lousy. It was really beginning to fall on our short journey around the hill. It did seem a bit daft looking at pv cells covered in snow, but combined with the wind turbines the installation was still producing electricity over and above the energy being consumed by the house and guests (one couple were braving the Winter in a yurt).
With the weather taking a turn for the snowier, and our car-share driver not having a four-wheel drive (indeed our car not being 4×4 either) we decided to not stop to see the compost toilet and other off-grid facilities. Hopefully I will get to see them another time. We hastily made our retreat from the weather and headed home.
The tours were awesome. All our hosts were so generous with their time and so willing to share their experiences and knowledge, and it was just wonderful to spend a few hours with so many people all interested in the same thing. We met lots of friends old and new. Thank you to everyone involved in the days.
More photos from the days on flickr (although I can’t promise I’ll be able to remember what all the technical bits are).